Opps for Cops; Make Policing About Public Safety; Reallocate Police Funding; Combine City Services Into One Unit: Police, Fire, Emergency, & All Agencies

SITUATION:
Communities want protection, prevention, public safety, and policing.
There are efforts in some states & cities to defund & reduce police departments.
Several smaller cities have instead created public safety departments.
Have consolidated police, fire, & emergency medical & other services into one dept.
Lack of empirical research in public safety cross-training has hindered integration.

SIGNIFICANCE:
Department of Public Safety (DPS), to become one single integrated unit in city government.
Integration (or consolidation) takes the form of on-going cross-training of personnel.
Members perform the multiple functions required of a police officer, firefighter, & emergency medical technician (EMT) or paramedic.
Police officers are being cross-trained to perform multiple functions.
Cross-training usually limited to functions directly related to law enforcement.
Fire or medical incident, police officers perform only security or basic first aid.

SOLUTIONS:

What a Combined Public Safety & Police Department Looks Like:

Here are the CITY Services that are provided by Combined Public Safety Department:

Administration of New Combined Department:

New department shares administrative support staff and back-office functions,
Sworn personnel remain specialized and have particular responsibilities
The Police continue to arrest people and the firefighters put out fires.
But Police officersfirefighters and/or EMTs, cross trained.
New Dept responds to emergencies in any capacity as one single unit.
Works best when based on the community’s character, composition, size, geographic location, & existing programs

Examples of Cities that are combining Public Safety & Police:

The DPS of Cobb County, Georgia 
Sunnyvale CA
Newark NJ
Albuquerque NM
Kalamazoo, Michigan
Walker, MI
Indianapolis,
Mecklenburg County, North Carolina.

SOURCES:

A Package Deal: Police, Fire, and EMS All in Onehttps://www.policechiefmagazine.org/a-package-deal-police-fire-and-ems/

 Public Safety Consolidation: Does it Make Sense? –
https://leb.fbi.gov/articles/perspective/perspective-public-safety-consolidation-does-it-make-sense

International City/County Management Association
Marc A. Ott is executive director
800.745.8780;  customerservices@icma.org

Cintya Flores, ICMA | 202-962-3692 | cflores@icma.org 

EXPERT RESOURCES:
Dr. Susan M. Hilal, Associate Professor, Metropolitan State University School of Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice, Brooklyn Park, Minnesota
David Squier Jones, Research Assistant, Metropolitan State University School of Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice, Brooklyn Park, Minnesota
Agencies & cities considering consolidation should review Michigan State University’s Program on Police Consolidation and Shared Departments,- https://msustatewide.msu.edu/Programs/Details/3480

Note:  Reposted & Updated from original publishing  in www.fixesandsolutions.com in November 2020;
cparker@fixesandsolutions.com  [Publisher]

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